Exploring the Majestic Ruins of the Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort


Lalbagh Fort, also known as Fort Aurangabad, is a historical and architectural monument located in the heart of Dhaka. From its stunning architecture to its lush gardens, there is so much to discover at Lalbagh Fort. In this blog, we’ll take a closer look at the history and significance of this fort, as well as the various attractions and activities that visitors can enjoy. Whether you’re a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or simply looking for a unique cultural experience, Lalbagh Fort is a must-visit destination in Dhaka. So, come along and join us as we explore this amazing fort and learn more about its fascinating story.

The history of Lalbagh Fort

Built by Mughal prince Muhammad Azam Shah the son of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in the 17th century, this fort is a testament to the rich history and culture of the region. The construction of the fort began in 1678 and was planned to be a grand palace fortress, but it was never completed due to the prince’s premature death in 1681.

The history of Lalbagh Fort
South entrance view of Lalbagh Fort in 1875 (Wikipedia)

Throughout its history, the fort has played an important role in the region’s political and cultural life. It was used as a royal residence by the Mughal governors and later by the British during their colonial rule. The fort was also used as a military fortification and a prison during the 1857 Indian Rebellion.

In the 20th century, the fort fell into disrepair and was neglected for many years. But in the 1960s, the government of Bangladesh began to restore and preserve the fort, and it was officially opened to the public as a national monument in 1984. Today, Lalbagh Fort is a popular tourist attraction and a symbol of Bangladesh’s rich cultural heritage.


The legend of Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort is built in an area that was once called Lalbagh, which means “red garden”. The fort’s construction began in the late 17th century under the rule of Aurangzeb. The fort was designed to be a replica of the famous Red Fort in Agra, India, and it was intended to be a symbol of the prince’s power and prestige.

The legend of Lalbagh Fort

The fort is made of brick and stone, and it features impressive Mughal architecture, including intricate carvings, frescoes, and tile work. The fort also includes a mosque, a tomb, an audience hall, and a garden.

The architecture of the fort

Lalbagh Fort is an excellent example of Mughal architecture, which is known for its grandeur, symmetry, and intricate details. The central structure of the fort is the audience hall or Diwan-i-Aam, which is a large open courtyard with a raised platform in the centre. The hall was used for public audiences and official ceremonies. The walls of the audience hall are adorned with intricate carvings, frescoes, and tile work. The hall is surrounded by a series of smaller rooms and halls, which were used for various purposes such as living quarters, storage, and administrative offices.

Another important structure within the fort is the mosque, which is located on the eastern side of the fort. The mosque is decorated with intricate geometric and floral patterns, and it features a series of arches, columns, and niches.

The architecture of the fort

The tomb of Prince Muhammad Azam Shah is located on the northern side of the fort, and it is a simple but elegant structure with a dome and a central chamber. The tomb is surrounded by a small garden, which is a peaceful and serene place to visit.

The Lalbagh Fort was built to protect the city from invaders, who would have had to climb up a steep hill to reach it. The fort is situated above sea level, so even if someone managed to climb it from below, they’d still be at least 50 metres above ground level when they reached its walls—a good height advantage for defenders against attackers!


Lalbagh Fort is a great place for exploring and sightseeing. Its history, architecture and beauty all come together in this one fort. If you want to discover more about it, then make sure to visit this place when you travel around Bangladesh.

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Written by Tamanna Reza


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